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Pleven is located in the very heart of Miziya, in the agricultural region, surrounded by low limestone hills. Its central location in Northern Bulgaria defines its importance as a big administrative, economic, political, cultural and transport centre. The town is located 170 km from the capital town of Sofia, at 320 km from the Black sea coast, at  50 km from the Danube river, at 130 km from the Danube bridge and at about 70 km from the Balkan. Pleven municipality  manages 816.3 sq.m. territory, 580 000 decares of which - land under cultivation.
The name of the town reaches world fame at the time of Russian-Turkish War. On 10th of December 1877 with the liberation of Pleven the victorious result of the war is defined. The press all over Europe denotes the event and the grateful Bulgarian population builds many monuments for the heroes of Pleven epos..
Today Pleven is an important administrative, industrial, agricultural, cultural, tourist center, a large military garrison, telecommunication and transport and commercial center. It has preserved its cultural and historical heritage in many museums. monuments, ossuaries and the unique for Bulgaria panorama "Pleven epos 1877". It is famous as the town of the museums.

 

 

Pleven is famous as a town of museums. The development of mankind civilization may be traced down from Neolith till present days. Remnants of pre-historical settlements of Cooper era, Roman settlements and fortress, medieval stock breeding and agricultural villages are to be found on the territory of municipality.
In the beginning of XX century by voluntarily raised funds the committee “Tsar Liberator Aleksandar II” and chairman the notable public figure Stoyan Zaimov there commence the construction of memorial houses, museums, parks and monuments.

The park of “Skobelev” is located on the very battle field were the detachment of General Skobelev conducts blood shedding battles to seize Pleven. Since then till nowadays the blood saturated lands there is called “The death valley”. In a unique and strongly impressive way the one and the only on Balkan peninsula Panorama “Pleven Epopee 1877” is emerging. The building symbolized the three storms of the town's blockade. The bone-vault, House-museum “Stoyan and Vladimir Zaimovi”, authentic guns, tenths of common mounds and monuments are located in the park.

The Russian Emperor Aleksandar II is accommodated on 11.12.1877 in an ordinary town's house were the captured Turkish Marshal Osman pasha was presented to him. In this house lives and the first military governor of Pleven, General Skobelev. Later on the house is turned into a museum.

The chapel-mausoleum “St. George the Victorious” was built in 1907. The bones of Bulgarian, Russian, Romanian, Finnish, Ukrainian, Belarus, Moldavian soldiers who laid down their lives for Pleven are kept in a crypt. Iconostasis and icons have been made by famous Bulgarian masters.

Indisputable indicator for the traditions and achievements of generations of museum employees is the regional museum of history. It is arranged in a unique building, constructed for military barracks in 1888. The items in the museum include over 250 thousands exhibits of ancient time, medieval and most modern history of Pleven and region. The collections and the exhibits of the museum are authentic treasure-house for cultural and historical valuables.

   

The drama theatre house “Ivan Radoev” is founded in 1919. The building it occupies is declared for a monument of architecture with national significant. The interior is a ranged according the traditions of European city style at the end of XIX century. The institution imposes its presence in the cultural life not only in the town but in the theatrical domain of the country.

Countless are the concerts' performances of the Chorus and Orchestra of the Northern ensemble for folklore songs and dances in Pleven. It was founded in 1959. The ensemble performs authentic and originally rearranged works of Northern Bulgaria before home and foreigner spectators. There are number of international recognitions – first prizes and laureate nominations at International chorus competitions, many recordings for Bulgarian National Radio, BBC, Moscow, Bratislava, Brussels, Geneva, Ankara.

The Art gallery “Iliya Beshkov” is founded in 1958 as a branch to the Museum of history. It is separated in 1973 as an independent institution. It has a rich fund of works – paintings, black and white drawing, and sculptures. Works of Vladimir Dimitrov – “The Master”, Dechko Uzunov, Nikolay Pavlovich, Georgi Danchov, Iliya Beshkov, Svetlin Rusev, Sidoniya Atanasova and some others are kept in the gallery. The gallery exhibits paintings of world famous artists as Rembrandt, Domie, Kathy Kolwitz etc.

Pleven philharmonic orchestra with open opera stage exists since around 50 years and for this remarkable period has established itself as one of the leading one in Bulgaria. It is founded by the great Bulgarian musician Sasha Popov. Every year the Philharmonic orchestra performs tenths of concerts in Bulgaria and many European countries, as well accompany the competition for young opera singers in Pleven town. The name of Pleven philharmonic orchestra is related to remarkable Bulgarian and foreign conductors and soloists.

The standing exhibition-donation “Svetlin Rusev” was opened in 1984 in an exclusively unique building. One of the most famous artists in Bulgaria – Svetlin Rusev donates to its native town Pleven a rich collection of 400 pictures and sculptures of world and Bulgarian masters of art. The standing exhibition offers more than 250 valuable artistic pieces of art.

The cultural life in town has its indisputable priorities – the international music festival “Katya Popova”, National competition for Bulgarian drama “Ivan Radoev”, National biennale for small events, National biennale in photography “Fodar”, National festival for advancing video films and video production “Artvision” and others.

www.Pleven.bg